Located upstream of a river, the Mausoleum of Genghis Khan is in Kandehuo Enclosure, Xinjie Township, Ejen Khoroo Banner, Yeke Juu League, Inner Mongolia, the People’s Republic of China. It is a cenotaph, the coffins contains no body, only headdresses, and accessories. The real burial place of the Khan has not been discovered.
The coffin had been circulating between several temples between Gansu and Qinghai. Since then, the portable mausoleum called naiman chaghaan ger (eight white houses) enshrined him. Those who served to the mausolem was called the Ordus (lit. palaces) and the title of their leader was Jinong. The Ordus lived on the Kerulen river but later moved to what is now called Ordos.
In 1942 Kanagawa Kosaku, a colonel of the Imperial Japanese Army, founded a non-portable mausoleum of Genghis Khan in Ulaan Khoto. He tried to arouse nationalistic sentiment among the Mongols. It was destroyed in the Cultural Revolution, but rebuilt later.
Another mausoleum, the topic of this article, was constructed by the PRC in between 1954-1956 under the ideology of “Chinese nation”. i.e. The Mongols are part of the Chinese nation and Genghis Khan is a hero of China. In contrast, the PRC represses Pan-Mongolism. It was also destroyed with valuable treasures in the Cultural Revolution, but rebuilt later.
The Mausoleum is in a rectangular (15