Xi’an (??; pinyin: xi an, Wade-Giles: Hsi-An, literal meaning: “Western Peace”) is the capital of Shaanxi province, in China and a sub-provincial city. It was one of the Four Great Ancient Capitals of China because it has been the capital of 12 dynasties such as Zhou, Qin, Han and Tang. Xi’an is the eastern end of the Silk Road. The city has more than 3,100 years of history. It was called Chang’an, meaning “Perpetual Peace”, in ancient times.
The city is surrounded by a well-preserved defensive wall.
The Tomb of Qin Shi Huangdi and his Terracotta Army are located outside the city.
It is the sister city with Kyoto, Japan and with Pau, France. Its GDP per capita was